This is meant to be a summary of the big happenings that
occurred along the Path.
1700. Lawson mentioned the Path when he was traveling
up the Santee to North Carolina.
1710. By this time almost 100,000 deer skins were
coming down to Charleston, the Path being the main trade
1712-13. Carolina troops with Indian allies march to
The Congarees on the Path on their way to North Carolina
to fight the Tuscaroras.
1715. The Yamasee War almost wiped out the Carolina
colony. Carolina militias marched along the Path to
defeat the confederation of small tribes. The Indians
came down the Path to attack the settlers.
1717. The first mention of the "Charikee
Paths" in Carolina government records.
1718-1722. Fort Congaree was built at the major
junction of two trails (Paths) across from Columbia, as a
result of a treaty with the Cherokees between Cherokee
conjurer Charite Hayge and Colonel James Moore.
1730. Surveyor General George Hunter accompanies some
traders from Charleston to Echota and surveys the Path,
noting distances, stopping places, rivers, towns and
latitudes and history. The trip was made without
1749. Governor James Glen travels up the Path to meet
with the Cherokee at 96.
1751. One hundred and sixty-two Cherokee went to
Charleston to set a new boundary at Long Cane Creek -
Abbeville and Greenwood County lines.
1753. Governor Glen travels the Path via Congarees and
96 to Keowee Town (Clemson) to prepare for the building
of Fort Prince George.
1755. Glen with 500 soldiers and militia march to
Saluda Old Town to meet with 500 Cherokee to sign yet
another treaty. (The mural of this treaty is in downtown
The "Treaty of Saluda Old Town" was signed July 2, 1755
at the abandoned mound site on the Saluda River, about 10 miles from the
present town of Saluda. Governor James Glen and "old Hop" and the "Little
Carpenter" were the chief spokesmen. About 500 Carolinians and about 500
Cherokee were there. This mural dates from about 1985 and is painted by
muralist Ralph Waldrop on the side of C. B. Forrest and Sons store in
Saluda at the courthouse square. (Roy V. is the seated Indian). Photo by Roy
1756. Glen with 300 soldiers marched toward Fort
Prince George on the way to Tennessee to build Fort
Loudoun on the Little Tennessee River, some 10 days march
from Keowee/Fort Prince George. The Governor is recalled
at 96 back to Charleston.
1760, March. Cherokees attack the fort at 96 and
advance on to Brook Fort where they are repulsed.
1760. A major military expedition under Colonel
Archibald Montgomery with 1200 soldiers marched from
Charleston to relieve Fort Loudoun. The column is
ambushed in the mountains north of Keowee. The Army burns
a few towns and hastily falls back to Charleston.
1761-62. A new military force is organized under
Colonel James Grant. This force of 2500 regulars and
provincials actually trains in the Congarees area to
fight as a team. They move up the Path into the Nation,
not to engage in combat, but to burn towns and crops. The
Indians sue for peace.
1769. The Regulators and the followers of Joseph
Scoffel march toward each other to fight it out on the
Path in the eastern part of Saluda County. it was a
matter of law and taxes and no court but Charleston.
1775-1782. The American War for Independence.
Americans, both Loyal and Rebel, as well as British move
along parts of the Path to fight or for flight.
19th and 20th Centuries. The Path, the Old State Road,
the Charleston Road, Old Number Six Road, The Cherokee
Trail - by whatever name - much of the Path is still in
use, mostly paved, some dirt. In places along the modern
road, lying peacefully, sections of the old road bed are
quite evident. A ditch is NOT 20-30 feet wide and with
banks of from six inches to more than ten feet. History
is just sitting there waiting to be enjoyed and